Avantages, problèmes et solutions pour un télétravail réussi
Quels sont les avantages du télétravail ? Pourquoi la téléphonie cloud est-elle essentielle pour les employés à distance ?
Remote working (telecommuting) is already a widely accepted norm for businesses of all sizes. It refers to any job opportunity for employees to complete professional tasks outside the office. Remote working is a term known as telecommuting, teleworking, telework, remote employment, home office, working from home, mobile work, and flexible workplace. Working from home, in a coffee shop, or while traveling is a win-win situation for the company and its team. The business benefits from cost optimization, increased productivity, and higher access to a remote workforce. At the same time, the employees enjoy flexibility while maintaining a healthy work-life balance.
Teleworking usually requires a combination of cloud-based solutions and other feature-rich collaboration tools. The evolution of communication technology is one of the key factors why the remote working trend is growing so fast. Today – mobile devices, video and audio conferencing, file sharing, and instant messaging are more and more accessible. All these enhanced tools support remote working. As a result, a fast-growing number of companies are considering telecommuting.
Les avantages d'une politique de travail flexible pour l'entreprise
Productivité augmentée de toute l'équipe
Working remotely drives employees’ productivity. Mobile employees try to optimize their time better. Also, there are fewer distractions when working from home. As a result, the whole team is more productive. Traveling to work daily is often related to various stressful situations – the major one being late for work. With home working, this burden is lifted off the shoulders of the employees. Saving time on the commute helps employees be more effective in their daily tasks. An office is typically noisy, with many minor or bigger interruptions interfering with the deep work. Remote employees are less distracted when working from home and can focus better. Doing a home office allows anyone to organize their work environment as best as possible. This ensures a better focus for teleworkers and better performance of their duties.
A study by the International Workplace Group montre que 85% des personnes interrogées confirment que la productivité et l'efficacité ont augmentées dans leur entreprise grâce à une flexibilité plus grande. De même, 65% des professionnels interrogés disent que les entreprises qui adaptent leur environnement de travail pour répondre aux normes de travail flexible sont plus productives.
Optimisation des coûts
Introduire une politique de travail flexible dans une entreprise peut permettre des économies importantes. Selon Vodafone UK – UK enterprises that have adopted remote working practices save up to £34bn by freeing up desk space and reducing maintenance costs. The financial benefits of remote working can be achieved by reducing real estate costs. A company supporting the telecommuting policy will need fewer square feet for office space. As a result, the estimated cost savings can be a significant amount.
Additionally, the organization can lower its operating expenditures. The employer covers travel and transport costs, largely reduced for working part-time or full-time remotely. Also, fewer employees in the company’s location at a time means less spending on office supplies, utilities, parking spaces, and technical maintenance.
Moins de jours de maladie
Employees working remotely take fewer sick leave days than their office colleagues. According to surveys, many employees take “fake” days off for personal reasons. Flexible schedules allow people to arrange their personal and professional tasks better. This eliminates the need to take sick leave to solve personal issues.
Another advantage of teleworking is that even if someone is mildly sick, he is more likely to continue working from home. Contrary, many office employees tend to take sick leave immediately for the comfort of their present colleagues. 75% of telecommuters claim they experience lower stress (L'enquête IWG Global Workspace). As a result, they are less likely to fall sick and be unable to perform their tasks. Achieving a better work-life balance is very important for the employees’ physical and mental health. The home office is one of the major steps towards a more harmonious lifestyle.
Meilleure fidélisation des employés
Companies encouraging telecommuting have increased retention rates by over 10% (gartner.com). Les télétravailleurs apprécient leurs horaires de travail flexibles ce qui augmente leur satisfaction. C'est pourquoi ils sont plus fidèles à leur employeur actuel ce qui permet de réduire la fluctuation du personnel.
A company offering flexible work options can build a strong long-term relationship with its team. Having committed employees with deep business knowledge is valuable for any organization. Also, lower turnover means less investment in constantly training new employees. In other words, embracing remote working practices has a clear financial expression for the business. US consulting company Deloitte reports that the money invested in a newly hired colleague can reach up to $4000* (forbes.com).
Accès mondial à des employés talentueux
In today’s highly competitive labor market, working from home is often required as a perk from the top talents. So companies try to adjust their organizational and technical systems to meet these expectations. The flexible working policy is a strategic recruitment tool for any human resources department. It is considered a highly effective way to access a wider talent pool. For the company, this means the freedom to hire the most talented professionals, regardless of their location. No one is obliged to move to a different city or country. This eliminates the travel and accommodation expenses for the new employee, usually covered by the company.
Un impact environnemental très positif
L'introduction d'une politique de travail flexible fait souvent partie de la stratégie de marque employeur. Le travail à distance est une pratique commerciale considérée comme ayant de nombreux avantages, dont l'impacte environnemental positif par exemple. Ainsi, cela aide l'entreprise à créer une image d'une société socialement responsable. Beaucoup de candidats disent qu'ils choisiraient un certain employeur si l'entreprise applique une politique durable. Cela concerne les représentants des baby-boomers, de la génération X et surtout des milléniaux.
An extra benefit for the company is that employees often feel more motivated when working for an environment-friendly company. Apart from the corporate advantages, remote working can be a game-changer in fighting climate change. Transportation is one of the biggest greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution sources. Allowing more employees to telecommute can reduce the carbon footprint of many businesses. It contributes as well to energy consumption optimization. Experts recommend more organizations and institutions apply remote work policies to speed up the positive environmental effect.
Les avantages du télétravail pour les employés
Increased employee satisfaction
Flexible work schedules increase job satisfaction. 75% of companies worldwide have adopted telecommuting practices, expecting a happier and more effective workforce (vodafone.com). Regardless of age, gender, location, or industry, being able to telework often tops the wish list of job seekers. Enjoying greater work independence usually leads to more satisfied and productive teams. It also boosts creativity as working in unconventional workspaces can urge them to be more innovative. Remote working allows employees to plan their daily activities and prioritize tasks better. This gives them positive feelings about their employer and makes them more engaged with the company.
Les employés travaillant à distance en chiffres :
• 13,5% étaient plus efficace que leurs collègues de bureau
• 9% – more engaged than their fixed-working coworkers
• 23% ont pris de pauses, moins de jours de maladie et ont passé plus de temps à travailler*
Meilleur équilibre entre vie professionnelle et vie privée
Remote employment supports the healthy balance between an employee’s personal and professional life. Surveys show that flexible working is a key factor in improving work-leisure balance. According to the European Working Conditions Survey, 80% des personnes interrogées préfèrent d'avoir l'option de choisir leur environnement de travail. 86 % affirment que réaliser un meilleur équilibre entre vie professionnelle et vie privée est l'une des principales raisons de rechercher des options de travail flexibles.
Flexibility in the workplace supports employees’ personal and family relations. More control over a daily schedule allows anyone to spend quality time with family and friends. The ability to meet personal commitments greatly impacts employees’ success at work. It stimulates workers’ professional performance and makes them feel more fulfilled. Many employees face the problem of successfully managing personal responsibilities and work duties. Trying to avoid this constant conflict causes a lot of stress to the workers. Remote working helps them to be more flexible and achieve a better work-life balance. It allows teleworkers some freedom to optimize their time for both personal and professional duties.
L'amélioration du bien-être
Telecommuting improves the wellbeing of remote team members. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important for employees and employers, as it impacts the team’s productivity. Flexible work arrangement positively affects the physical and mental health of telecommuters. This could be due to reduced stress levels for employees working from home. With no daily commuting to work, they avoid traffic jams. This contributes strongly to lowering daily stress and improves their wellbeing. Teleworkers can also save time for more sleep, exercise, and personal meetings. And leading a healthier and more active lifestyle positively impacts job satisfaction and productivity.
Apart from saving time, remote working can be a cost-efficient decision. This is one of the important reasons why so many people prefer working from home. The expenses related to daily travel, lunch breaks, or following the company’s dress code are often reduced for remote workers. These savings are considered by many as an actual pay rise for the employees working from home. Also, some employees even choose to move to a city with low living costs. This is possible as flexible working arrangements do not require a worker’s presence at the company’s location.
Adaptation aux besoins individuelles des employés
A teleworker can create a customized working environment that fits exactly their preferences. It can be a quiet location with toned lighting at home or a coffee shop with natural light and relaxing music. Wearing cozy clothes instead of the company’s strict dress code allows the home workers to feel comfortable and secure while working. This option is a part of the positive experience for those who choose alternative work conditions. Working from home allows telecommuters to arrange their space with various personal belongings. Creating a unique workplace makes employees happier, more productive, and more motivated.
What are the major challenges that telecommuting is facing, and how to overcome them?
The benefits of remote working are clear. However, this comparatively new working style comes with a new set of challenges many companies encounter. Successfully managing people located in different places and even time zones requires different strategies for staff administration. Integrating various enhanced communication tools eases a smooth collaboration within the virtual team. Creating an effective system of cooperation that supports the whole team is a key factor for its success. Below we listed the major issues for applying a work-from-home policy and some possible solutions:
1. Problèmes de communication
While it’s easy to interact with colleagues who share the same working space, communicating with remote employees can be a real issue. Deskless workers rely very much on collaboration technology to receive information from their team on time. If the communication process does not run smoothly, the whole virtual team faces a decrease in productivity and efficiency.
Top 3 challenges that affect remote employees’ collaboration
• poor communication with coworkers and supervisors
• manque d'informations
• ne pas recevoir les informations à temps
Efficient and effective communication is essential for any work environment. It can be a real challenge if the involved parties usually interact via email, phone, video conversations, or chat. Another major problem for virtual teams is if a manager cannot provide timely information. This may cause misunderstanding and miscommunication among colleagues. Often supervisors find it hard to navigate the different communication styles of remote employees. They must put in extra effort so the entire remote team functions as a single unit, even without daily in-person communication.
To ensure smooth information and communication flow with the remote employees, the managers should focus on the following:
• Stimuler une culture de communication efficace
• Fournir les bons outils
• Embaucher les bonnes personnes
Stimuler une culture de communication efficace
Any team leader should encourage active communication within the team. Thus the team members will feel more engaged and motivated. Remote employees should be aware of any information about the company. That way, they will know the important events happening within this organization.
Organisez des réunions régulières with the entire virtual team to discuss the progress of the projects and any other work-related issues. A manager has to provide written guidelines on how the team members should interact with each other. Also, specify what messages should be sent through different medium channels if needed. If the virtual team members are in different time zones, having a set standard for communication procedures is very important. Ensure that there is an overlapping period in the working schedules of the telecommuters. Any virtual meetings that concern the whole team should be arranged during this period.
If possible, plan certain activities that still require face-to-face meetings with employees working remotely. Organizing some in-house obligations will help them feel part of the team. It allows them to be more connected to the company’s community and stimulates a better communication process.
Provide the right tools.
If a company wants to turn its flexible working policy into a successful strategy, it must use effective communication tools. So the remote employees will be constantly connected and have access to office resources and information. The advanced technology today is what makes remote working possible. Providing the virtual team with enhanced tools ensures its high performance and productivity. Considering the company’s specific needs, an employer can choose from tools that ease remote employees’ communication and organization processes.
• Email professionnel
One of the tools used mostly for internal and external communication. Always consider it because of its accessibility and the option to write long informative emails when necessary.
• Programmes de chat et messages en direct
Instant messaging programs allow employees to have a real-time text-based conversation regardless of their location. The virtual chat rooms can be organized to correspond to the company’s structure. These tools help the team members discuss work-related issues in real-time, like in a face-to-face meeting. The coworkers can also leave a message if someone is not available at that moment. A team leader, however, should track if the ongoing messaging is not becoming too distracting for the employees.
Le système de téléphonie d'entreprise basé sur le cloud is one of the milestones of the flexible working policy. It provides a quick and easy way for calling, messaging, conferencing, and task management. These features build an effective communication system among remote coworkers. Hosted telephony solutions with their feature-rich applications support effective collaboration between remote employees. VoIP phone systems provide business phone extensions to any employee, regardless of location. A team leader can easily configurer des extensions téléphoniques virtuelles pour les utilisateurs individuels à travers les appareils et les lieux. Ainsi, n'importe qui peut contacter rapidement une personne spécifique au sein de l'équipe ou de l'entreprise.
Les fonctions supplémentaires du système de communication cloud permettent l'accès aux téléphones de travail, de domicile et portables to be accessed through a single phone number. The calls are routed to any desired device – landline, mobile, or IP-softphone- to minimize the number of missed calls. That way, flexible employees always stay connected to the office while still achieving complete mobility.
• Conférences téléphoniques
Ceci est une autre fonction que le système de communication intégré offre aux télétravailleurs. Cet outil est une solution pratique au cas où vous auriez besoin de mener une discussion collective avec des collègues travaillant depuis plusieurs endroits distants. Conférences téléphoniques sont des outils puissants pour planifier des réunions régulières des équipes virtuelles ou au cas où un problème important doit être discuté. Une conversation vocale améliore le processus de communication des équipes distantes car les réunions à distance peuvent facilement être organisées et gérées. Apprenez à mener des conférences téléphoniques efficaces to streamline the team’s communication.
• Chat vidéo, conférences vidéo et messages vidéo
Video chat is helpful when a supervisor has to discuss something in person and a face-to-face meeting is impossible. Video conferences may be necessary if the meeting involves newly acquired team members, who should be introduced to their coworkers. If the manager has to deliver a message to the entire team and its content should not be discussed immediately video message can be very useful.
• Outils de gestion des projets
Organizing the projects and tasks with a centralized project management tool is crucial for remote teams’ communication and collaboration. That way, the flexible working employees can quickly access any resources related to their projects. With their help, a manager can have a transparent and efficient way of assigning tasks, outlining project development, and adding comments. If utilized properly, the project management system should become an information hub for the distributed team members.
Embaucher les bonnes personnes pour le télétravail
The recruiting process is an excellent way to discover whether the job applicant is a good communicator. Conducting the interviews via different mediums is advisable to determine if the person fits into a virtual team. As remote work requires specific written and phone communication skills, test the candidates in these two areas of expertise. The ideal remote team member will have convinced the recruiter of their communication and time management skills.
2. Problèmes de productivité
Many employers fear their team can suffer from low productivity if its members are not working in the office. It is a concern that has an obvious explanation. Some remote employees experience difficulties in meeting deadlines when no one supervises them personally. Others are overworking and risk burnout, which makes them unproductive and inefficient. Productivity problems arise because of the lack of a well-established structure, slow responsive times, too many distractions, and poor communication.
• Créez une structure bien établie
Flexibility is a key benefit of remote working. However, if there is a lack of defined structure within the virtual team, this can affect its work. A manager should regularly review the processes and procedures to be clear, simple, and efficient. Any optimizations of the company’s policy and business practices should be communicated on time.
It is important to conduct constant workflow analysis to optimize the team’s efficiency. Supervisors should track the online collaboration between team members and determine if it is necessary to make adjustments. Effective collaboration between remote employees is impossible without implementing a resource and data-sharing system. Everyone should have easy access to it, no matter their location.
Une autre fonction utile des outils de communication avancés est la fonction de présence. It allows the in-office employees to see the current presence status of their remote colleagues. This option informs managers and coworkers if the person is actually at work, ready to cooperate. A manager should tell the remote employees to route their calls depending on their presence status. This ensures all questions will be handled by available colleagues on time and the team efficiency will not suffer.
• Fixez des objectifs raisonnables
Setting clear and accountable goals for the team’s performance is an efficient way to stimulate productivity. A manager should be open about the expectations related to certain roles within the team. They have to be communicated properly, and regular meetings can be held to follow their progress. Usually, not everyone works at the same pace. Yet, a supervisor should know whether the team members manage to complete their tasks on time. It is recommended to set a common deadline for finishing the whole project that applies to everyone involved. At the same time, coworkers should be allowed and even encouraged to arrange the execution of micro-tasks by themselves. This is useful for improving team collaboration and efficiency.
• Surveillez et gérez la performance de l'équipe
Tracking employees’ performance is fundamental for boosting the team’s productivity. It gives a supervisor a clear idea of whether the remote employees are completing their work successfully. Additionally, a manager can analyze whether team members use their time effectively and properly. Set transparent KPIs (key performance indicators) that will be reviewed for each employee of the virtual team. Various tools on the market track the performance of flexible working teams.
The remote employees should install an application to record how many hours they have spent on a project. Depending on the company’s industry, different tools are most suitable for tracking the employees’ work output. Most of them deliver a quantitative way to evaluate the personal contribution of each team member. The supervisor should analyze the results and review if the virtual team accomplishes the company’s goals.
• Organisez des réunions régulières
Organiser des réunions with remote coworkers is the next meaningful step to improve the team’s productivity. Giving feedback based on performance data is valuable for the employees. It motivates them and increases their efficiency. It also encourages transparency and creates a feeling of connectivity among team members. Even if colleagues are in different locations, there is always a way to schedule a meeting that suits all parties. The enhanced tools of communication enable conversations between coworkers in a distributed team. Talking to remote employees regularly shows the manager’s support and stimulates the team’s efficiency.
3. Établir des relations de confiance avec les employés
Trust within any team is essential. Daily in-person communication and face-to-face meetings create and nurture trustful relations among colleagues. Working from home, however, has its natural limitations for bonding with coworkers. Often more efforts are required for “team-building” activities among remote employees. Also, managers should be comfortable giving telecommuters certain freedom to complete their professional duties. If they try to micromanage the working process at every step, the team members can feel frustrated and less motivated.
• Déterminez une vision et mission d'entreprise partagée
Establish the company’s core values and communicate them actively among remote employees. Sharing a common vision for the future development of the business helps them feel more engaged. It boosts the community spirit and strengthens the relations within the remote team.
• Help virtual coworkers feel committed to the team
The supervisor should regularly acknowledge the valuable contribution of the remote colleagues in achieving the company’s goals. It is important for the team’s relations that the manager provides personal feedback. Personal challenges and work-related issues should be discussion topics as well. It is also advisable to inform remote employees about the company’s daily events and internal projects. When telecommuters know the company updates, they feel a feeling of belonging to the team.
• Organize team building and stimulate effective collaboration
If possible remote colleagues should meet at some point personally. Ideally, they will have regular face-to-face meetings every couple of months. If the team is spread across the globe, in-person interaction can happen once or twice yearly. Remote employees, who sometimes feel isolated, will welcome team-building activities. Meeting personally lets them become more familiar with colleagues outside the strict professional activities. This builds trust within teams and helps coworkers bond better.
• Fournissez les outils qui supportent la collaboration et la transparence
A communication channel can be dedicated to more informal communication. Colleagues can send virtual birthday greetings, share funny pictures, or ask for recommendations. That way, coworkers will also feel the company’s support for building non-work relations. If face-to-face meetings are not possible, the managers can also use the company’s communication tools for personal interactions. Video is a great solution for strengthening interpersonal relations between teams, and building trustful relations can be achieved when everyone follows the established rules.
Managers should use time-tracking options or the presence features of the applied communication solutions. Task-management tools should be transparent and accessible to everyone. This can reduce the suspicion that some team members work more than others, and everyone benefits from improved collaboration.
Les solutions de téléphonie cloud ont défini l'environnement de communication moderne. Cet environnement devient plus flexible et mobile. Les applications cloud riches en fonctions aident les entreprises et leurs employés à établir le télétravail en tant que pratique commerciale réussie.
Ne manquez plus une nouveauté ou un article !